Introduction to the Program
Linguistics at the University of Georgia is interdisciplinary by nature, having faculty from 11 different departments across campus, spanning 2 separate colleges.
Our graduate program provides both a strong grounding in core areas of linguistics as well as the opportunity for specialization within the broad areas of
- formal linguistic theory
- language variation
- historical (Indo-European) linguistics
- language acquisition
A student's program of study, as determined by the student and their advisory committee, will focus on two concentrations (a primary and a secondary) within and among these broader areas. A program of study may also include courses or research projects in related disciplines such as anthropology, sociology, computer science, philosophy, or in the history or structure of a specific language or languages, provided that these courses are approved by the student's committee and the Graduate Coordinator.
Proseminar and colloquium courses are offered every year to enhance students' professional training and to provide opportunities to present and discuss current research projects.
Areas of Study
For students who are interested primarily in teaching English to speakers of other languages (TESOL) or in foreign language education, the Department of Language and Literacy Education in the College of Education offers M.E.d and Ph.D. degrees in these areas.
Formal Linguistic Theory
This area deals with language structure and meaning, with the goal of constructing theoretical models to explain how humans acquire, produce, and comprehend language. Research focuses on the study of the sounds of human language (phonetics and phonology), the structure of words (morphology), the structure of sentences (syntax), and meaning (semantics), using natural language data, speaker intuitions, and experimental methods. Students may choose a specific area within formal linguistic theory as their primary and/or secondary concentration.
Languages inevitably change over time and these changes are a source of synchronic variation. The existence of linguistic variants often leads to social valuation of specific features, and these valuations or other social factors (such as language contact) can themselves drive linguistic change. The study of language variation focuses on contemporary and historical patterns of language change, including changes in progress, social factors related to variation, and empirical research methods for the investigation of language in use.
Historical (Indo-European) Linguistics
This area investigates change over a greater depth of time. It involves both the methodology for comparison and reconstruction of historical languages and an intense, hermeneutic approach to studying ancient languages individually. At the University of Georgia, students can acquire a close familiarity with the sounds, grammar, and vocabulary of historic Indo-European languages like ancient Greek, Latin, Sanskrit, Classical Armenian, Gothic, Old English, Old Norse, and Old Church Slavic, among others.
This area offers a curriculum that treats the theoretical bases for learning languages as a child or as an adult. Students may concentrate on the acquisition of specific languages, such as Spanish or German, or they may choose to maintain broad interests. The faculty who comprise the bulk of this area mostly do so as their secondary interests, relating the acqusition of languages to their primary interest.